cultivating peace  
classroom connections
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Cultivating Peace in the 21st Century: The Video was created by the National Film Board of Canada (NFB) to complement and explore the themes and content found in this resource guide. The NFB is internationally acclaimed for its animated and documentary productions and has a long tradition of providing educational audio-visual materials to Canadian schools and libraries. Classroom Connections is proud to have collaborated with the NFB in this peace education initiative.

The first three segments are animated shorts without words that illustrate a variety of perspectives on the causes of conflict, violence and war. They are integrated within Lesson 2 of the resource.

NEIGHBOURS, 1952, 8 min 10 s. Selection #1: An NFB classic, this simple parable is about two neighbours whose friendly relationship turns to hatred and violence over ownership of a single flower located on the border between their properties. It is a great introduction to the causes of violence, presenting the fight for resources as an instigating factor in aggression, conflict and war.

BALABLOK, 1972, 7 min 27 s. Selection #2: Another NFB classic, this film reduces conflict to its most elemental form. Cubes oppose spheres and violence transcends reason and understanding. No dialogue or commentary is necessary. The characters' sounds and actions tell the story of socio-cultural differences forming a basis for conflict and violence.

WHEN THE DUST SETTLES, 1997, 7 min 11 s. Selection #3: This film is part of the ShowPeace series, designed to provide tools for conflict resolution. In this film, two neighbouring gophers demonstrate escalating retaliation as a cause for violence and destruction. The film succinctly illustrates how much can be lost, and how little is won, by seeking revenge.

The final feature on the video is divided into five segments to accommodate a variety of classroom timeframes and is designed to accompany Lesson 6, Taking Action. The film explores the political action surrounding the 2001 Summit of the Americas. It highlights several themes developed throughout the Module and is particularly useful in looking at the forms of social and political action introduced in this lesson. Please see Lesson 6 for details.

VIEW FROM THE SUMMIT, 2001, 75 min 15 s. Selection #4: Six thousand police fill the streets as 34 heads of state meet behind closed doors. A fence limits the tens of thousands of protesters from demonstrating in proximity to this meeting. As preparations move toward action, tension mounts on both sides of the barrier. A broad range of perspectives are represented, from protesters to police to the participants inside the Summit. This film provides a real life case study in political activism, demonstrating concepts such as diversity of tactics, violent versus non-violent protest, views of security, human rights, social justice and the strengths and weaknesses of democracy. For more background information, please visit

The initial run of these videos was generously supported by Citizenship and Immigration Canada and Canadian Heritage. Many public libraries and educational media centres in Canada also carry these films. Additional videos can be ordered from the National Film Board. 1-800-267-7710 or on the Board's website: Click Here.

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